Livigno is an idyllic village and commune located in the heart of the Italian Alps in the province of Sondrio. At 1,816 meters above sea level, it has an excellent reputation as a ski resort in winter and the summer provides plenty of opportunities for walking and cycling enthusiasts to get out and about.
The region used to be known by local people Piccolo Tibet - meaning Little Tibet - because of its remote location. However, in 1964 the Munt La Schera tunnel opened and the resort became accessible to tourists from across Europe for the first time. Nowadays if potential visitors take time out of visiting PartyCasino.it or Facebook.com to look for a holiday, they can easily consider Livigno as a potential place of interest, without the worry of how to get there.
Surrounded by the Livigno Mountain range and in the wide and long Livigno Valley, the town enjoys all the advantages of an extremely favorable geographic location. Exposed to south west and north east, Livigno benefits from bright sunshine throughout the year from dawn until dusk.
Livigno is located in the Lombardy region near the Swiss border and in the province of Sondrio. It was once a traditional and cultural village and is thought to be the highest parish in Europe. The Carravagio church, Saint Rocco and Saint Mary’s church are all found in the village and the Saint Rocco church is said to date back to the 16th century.
Two of the finest Alpine National Parks meet in the Livigno Valley. The Italian Stelvio National Park and the historic Swiss National Park connect and make the whole area a place of breathtaking natural beauty, providing stunning, panoramic views. The Swiss National Park was the first designated national park in Europe.
Historically, Livigno was frequently cut off from the surrounding areas in the winter months as the passes which make the region accessible were closed off due to the snow. The area is first believed to have been settled in the middle ages, mainly by shepherds. The first documents that referred to the area called it ‘Vinea et Vineola.’ The name is believed to have origins in the German language and means ‘avalanche.’
The origins of the first settlers are still unknown, some believe them to be Ligurians or Rhethians, whilst others believe that they were of Etruscan origin. Livigno once relied on agriculture and a little commerce for its economy and was primarily a farming village until the 1970’s. Smuggling was widespread and even necessary to survive in the harsh environment and the old smuggler paths can still be visited.
The area has a history of poverty, leading it to be awarded a duty free tax status. Modern times brought development, and tourism has become the main source of income to the area, bringing wealth to the once poor economy.
The town of Livigno is now an established tax-free shopping haven. Its town centre has a reputation for being a cheerful place with plenty of entertainment on offer for the holiday maker. The town also presents visitors with a year-round calendar of cultural and sporting events, including several devoted to art, and wine and food.
Livigno is also one of the few Italian villages to belong to the Black Sea’s drainage basin rather than the Mediterranean. The river Spöl or Aqua Granda, as it is also known, runs through it to on its way to feed the Inn river and eventually make its way to the Danube.
The Livigno valley is also home to the Lago di Livigno reservoir, a 4.71 square kilometer lake, also known as the Lago del Gallo. This artificial lake was formed by the Punt del Gall dam, built in the 1960s to help regulate the river Spöl and prevent flooding. The dam is located 10.5 kilometers to the north of Livigno and had a huge impact on the whole region, even submerging parts of the old town.
Lush and green during the summer months yet blanketed in snow at winter time, Livigno surrounded by mountains that reach up to over 3,000 meters in altitude. The area is rich in larch forests, spruce and pine, and Livigno offers the tourist a wide variation of colour and experience. This enchanting Alpine valley is an excellent choice for a holiday the whole year round.
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